This project looks to ephemeral structures as sources of architectural invention.
concept: Fences, as one example, are elemental and primary markings in the landscape. The fence conveys notions of boundaries, the first step in place making, and the demarcation of territory. The fence in many ways embodies the myth and reality of the American West -- Ranchers vs. Farmers, natives vs. settlers, and wild vs. rural. The architectural opposition created is one of inside vs. outside. This project is an 1000 sf housing prototype assembled as a 'kit of parts' and capable of being mass produced. The prototype employs prefabricated construction components that can be shipped on site and fabricated in a short time. It is called the 'inside out house' as, in the example of the hay fence, the structural elements are placed on the outside of the enclosure. The structure employs another commonplace, the Butler building steel frame, as a persistent presence in the modern vernacular landscape. It can be used as a weekend house, a modest home able to fit within the physical constraints of the manufactured home market, a guest house, a small office, or a gallery.
STRUCTURE: A single bay of an 'off the shelf' steel building is laterally braced by a wood post and beam structure. The steel supports the roof loads, while the wood structure both laterally braces the frame as well as supports the floor load.
SITING: The foundation design minimally alters the site. Twelve concrete pads are what is required, allowing for placement on rocky sites not otherwise suited to perimeter foundation systems. The extensions of the wood columns above the roof allow for varied topographic sitings. The building can be placed parallel or perpendicular to site access.
CONSTRUCTION: The wood structure establishes a continuous plate height of 7'-6", while the steel frame establishes a changing clerestory volume above. The ceiling beams create human scale and character to the individual rooms. Playing off this is the relationship of translucent panels, solid wall, and vision windows. These can be altered depending on issues of privacy, solar orientation, or view, in the attempt to make each building site specific. The strong structural order on the exterior elides a traditional understanding of the elevation.
MATERIALS: All materials used are either recycled or capable of being recycled: engineered wood products, foam, translucent plastic, steel, and glass.
COMPONENTS: Additive components could well be integrated into the system -- additions, exterior sun shades, enclosure of the carport, and a covered porch are all obvious adjustments and could well be offered as 'menu' items.
AIA Honor Award 1996
MULTI FAMILY / MIXED USE